Emergency signs

Signs of a heart attack

Signs can vary and may be different for men and women. If you experience any of these signs, call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number immediately.

Women’s signs of heart attack

The most common heart attack sign is chest pain or discomfort; however, women can experience a heart attack without chest pressure. They may experience shortness of breath, pressure or pain in the lower chest or upper abdomen, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting, upper back pressure or extreme fatigue.

Signs of cardiac arrest

If the heart stops for any reason, blood is no longer getting to the brain, heart and vital organs. Death can occur within minutes.

  1. Sudden collapse

  2. Unresponsive to touch and sound

  3. Not breathing or is making gasping sounds 

Do you live in a remote community?

It is especially urgent to learn CPR. 

Signs of SADs

SADS (Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes) covers a variety of cardiac disorders which are often genetic and can cause sudden death in young, apparently healthy people.


  1. Fainting or seizure during physical activity.

  2. Fainting or seizure from distress or being startled.

  3. Family history of death that is sudden, unexplained.

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